Below is information about diabetes collected from national health organizations. Click on the source link for more information.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes means your blood glucose (often called blood sugar) is too high. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs glucose for energy to keep you going. But too much glucose in the blood isn't good for your health.
Glucose comes from the food you eat and is also made in your liver and muscles. Your blood carries the glucose to all of the cells in your body. Insulin is a chemical (a hormone) made by the pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood. Insulin helps the glucose from food get into your cells.
If your body does not make enough insulin or if the insulin doesn't work the way it should, glucose can't get into your cells. It stays in your blood instead. Your blood glucose level then gets too high, causing pre-diabetes or diabetes.
What are common symptoms of diabetes?
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss - even though you are eating more
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet
What health problems can diabetes lead to?
- Heart disease
- End-stage kidney disease